What is User Acceptance Testing (UAT) – A Detailed Guide
Software testing is a crucial step in the creation of software products since it guarantees and maintains the quality of the final output. Unit testing, Integration testing, System testing, Acceptance testing, and, intriguingly, the final phase of software testing, called UAT or User Acceptance Testing, are the different phases of this testing. It plays a crucial part in the overall process of automating software testing.
What is User Acceptance Testing (UAT)?
UAT refers to the final phase of the software testing process. Before releasing the real product, this UAT procedure serves a significant and important role in validating whether all business criteria have been met.
UAT is also known as user-assisted testing (UAT), which refers to the process whereby business users test newly built software to see if it performs as intended. The terms beta testing, application testing, and end-user testing are also used to describe this form of testing.
Prior to thinking about releasing the programme onto the market, the User Acceptance Testing procedure is started. This process verifies whether or not the software satisfies the functional requirements set forth by the product owner.
The product owner must engage in this process in order to prevent enterprises from suffering serious losses as a result of numerous post-release problems.
This procedure is typically carried out as the final stage, during which the customer or the intended users check to see if the functionality described in the user story or requirements document actually exists. In order to ensure that the client/end-user fully understands the generated programme, the UAT process is carried out with a distinct UAT test plan and in a separate testing environment, both of which typically provide production-like data setup.
Why UAT is essential for your business?
The business owner, intended user, product owner, customer, or stakeholder must complete UAT in order to have a first-hand understanding of the generated software or product. Before the software system is really moved to the production environment, the business user examines and validates it.
company analysts, QA leads or test managers, requirements specialists (if any), and the company or product owner are among the numerous stakeholders participating in the UAT process. UAT primarily checks that the built system can support the company’s ongoing activities and that it adheres to the set-up user stories. The product owner often confirms whether or not the solution fits their needs and checks to see if it operates flawlessly in full swing.
If any flaws are found, the QA team must immediately fix them and retest the software. As a result, it is a crucial stage in the creation of software products since post-production problems sometimes result in considerable losses for enterprises.
Who Performs UAT?
Challenges of User Acceptance Testing (UAT)
End users test the system during the crucial User Acceptance Testing (UAT) phase of the software development lifecycle to make sure it fulfils their requirements and performs as planned. Although UAT is crucial for confirming the use of the system, it can also present a number of difficulties. The following are a few of the typical UAT difficulties:
The ambiguity or lack of a thorough knowledge of user requirements is one of the major difficulties. Effective UAT becomes difficult if the requirements are not clearly stated or documented since users may have different perceptions or expectations.
Limited user availability:
It can be difficult to get user participation and availability during UAT. Users may not have enough time to spend to testing because they are frequently preoccupied with their daily obligations. This may result in insufficient test scenario coverage or delays in the UAT process.
It alludes to the unchecked growth of project needs or adjustments throughout development. It can be difficult to keep up with the changes and adjust UAT efforts if system functionality is frequently changed. This can cause testing to take longer and need more work.
Test environment setup:
It can be difficult to set up a test environment that accurately replicates the production environment. It could entail setting up various systems, databases, network configurations, and third-party integrations. Results from UAT may not be valid or reliable if the test environment is not faithfully duplicated.
Test data availability:
UAT requires test data that simulates real-world circumstances and is representative and meaningful. It can be difficult to find or create adequate test data that covers a range of use cases and edge cases. Testing that is insufficient or unrealistically optimistic may miss possible problems.
Communication and coordination:
Successful UAT depends on developers, testers, and users working together effectively to coordinate and communicate. Making sure that communication is timely and clear can be difficult, particularly when there are many stakeholders. Misunderstandings, delays, and ineffective testing can result from insufficient teamwork or poor communication.
Defect resolution delays:
The resolution process becomes crucial when users find errors or problems when using the UAT approach. Delays in addressing reported issues may affect both user happiness and the overall testing schedule. For problems to be resolved quickly, the development and testing teams must prioritise, coordinate, and communicate in a timely manner.
User expertise and training:
Users taking part in UAT may have various levels of technical skill and may need instruction or direction to complete testing tasks successfully. When dealing with a sizable user base, it might be difficult to guarantee that users comprehend the testing process, have access to relevant documents, and receive proper training.
Resistance to change:
Inconsistencies or holes in the system may need to be fixed or modified as a result of UAT. End users’ or stakeholders’ resistance to change can impede the successful UAT’s execution and the subsequent adoption of essential enhancements.
What are the benefits of UAT for Businesses?
• Examines whether the user stories’ definitions of the business requirements are met.
• UAT aids in finding any remaining flaws from integration testing.
• Decreases the chance of discovering flaws after the fact
• Assists in determining how the built programme behaves when viewed through the eyes of the product owner or the end-user who actually employs the software.
• UAT verifies the produced application works properly and complies with the requirements specified in the requirements document.
Pre-requisites Businesses Must Know Before Performing UAT Testing
Following are the entry criteria for User Acceptance Testing:
• Verify that the application code is complete.
• Verify that the QA teams have performed unit testing, integration testing, system testing, and acceptance testing.
• Check to make sure regression testing is complete and no significant flaws have been found.
• Verify that all reported flaws have been corrected and retested.
• Make sure the traceability matrix is also available.
• Ensure that an efficient UAT environment is prepared.
• Ensure you receive a sign-off email from the system testing team.
• Before beginning the UAT process, make sure you have a UAT checklist.
1. Planning Phase of UAT:
In essence, at this step, a UAT Test Manager is chosen to manage the entire UAT procedure. Here, the appropriate planning and execution strategy are described. A critical resource strategy is created when critical resources have been identified.
2. Preparation of UAT Test Data, Scenarios and Test Environment:
As the UAT test environment is put up, the test management plan is prepared, along with test data, interfaces, data, authorization, and scenario preparedness. This step ensures UAT readiness.
3. UAT Test Scheduling and Management:
This step involves creating appropriate action plans with UAT priorities. If there are any assessments of flaws that are obstructing progress, a triage process is maintained. Based on the established requirements, a useful tracking system for test scenarios and test scripts is implemented.
4. UAT Testing Execution and Defect Management:
In this crucial stage, priority faults are correctly identified, and root cause analysis assessments are given more attention. The UAT processes are put through a test run to ensure appropriate operation, and problems are assigned and assessed for effective and prompt resolving.
5. UAT, Sign-off, and Reporting:
Accurate defect and testing status reports and defect reporting are created by the test management system during this last stage of UAT. When all defects have been addressed, the software is finally accepted with a sign-off. This last stage checks and confirms that the developed application satisfies user needs and is prepared to go into production.
What are UAT best practices?
Following are the 5 UAT best practices:
1. Find Users:
The initial stage is user identification. Conducting UAT requires choosing a group of users who are interested in the product. They are none other than the product’s final consumers. These users may be internal or external to the firm, or perhaps both.
2. Document test cases:
For UAT testers to do UAT effectively, there needs to be a rigorous plan. Their suggestions for how they would like the product to operate should be recorded as these testers will be going through all of the features.
3. Prepare the environment:
A test environment is essential to UAT’s success. Users chosen to conduct UAT must have the authorizations and information necessary to do so successfully.
4. Remote testing counts:
As in some situations, it would be advisable to plan a similar day and time to conduct UAT if the users are dispersed across a wide area. The technological aspects of the testing activity should be thoroughly planned in advance so that the users are fully aware of all the ramifications.
5. Prioritize to detect and solve bugs:
When the test goes live, there will be issues pertaining to addressing bugs. Let the user track and properly list all the bugs that have been encountered. The concerned team responsible for fixing bugs must prioritize the bugs and then solve it accordingly in a systematic manner.
Types of UAT Businesses Should Know
Alpha and Beta Testing:
Before releasing the programme to the public, UAT employs the alpha and beta testing methodologies.
Early on in the development process, internal teams do alpha testing. Potential user groups test the product in the development environment before making it available to the public. The development teams use the comments from the alpha testers to address bugs and enhance the product’s overall quality.
By enlisting a group of clients for testing, beta testing is conducted in the customer environment. The testing team’s comments aids in improving the software’s quality.
Before the real application or programme is released to production, both of these testing procedures are carried out.
Regulation Acceptance Testing (RAT):
The procedure to verify if a developed application conforms with the norms and regulations established by the regulating bodies at the governmental level is known as RAT, sometimes known as Compliance Acceptance testing. This is a crucial testing procedure since the application is examined for adherence to a set of rules provided by the relevant authorities.
Contract Acceptance Testing (CAT):
This kind of UAT approach involves testing the generated software against a set of important standards. These requirements and specifications were already stated and mentioned during the contracting process.
Business Acceptance Testing (BAT):
BAT is a sort of user acceptance testing that assists in determining whether the created software complies with the requirements and specifications established by the company.
Operational Acceptance Testing (OAT):
OAT, often referred to as production acceptance testing, is a sort of UAT testing that aids in determining whether the software has an appropriate workflow, including its dependability, compatibility, stability, etc.
Black Box Testing:
The testing teams are permitted to examine a few application capabilities in this form of UAT without being aware of the internal code structure. Although black box testing falls under functional testing, it is nevertheless a part of user acceptance testing because it adheres to the same concepts of keeping the user unaware of the codebase. This testing guarantees that the programme complies with all operational criteria.
To stay competitive, businesses now require high-quality software that is released quickly. Software testing is a crucial part of creating software products, and ideally, the company or product owner should take on User Acceptance testing.
User Acceptance Testing assists in determining whether the generated software complies with all established user stories and functions in accordance with the requirements.
Utilise cutting-edge independent software testing service providers who guarantee the delivery of high-quality software with thorough UAT test plans and who walk organisations through the process of arriving at an efficient User Acceptance Testing procedure. Businesses may be confident that a product developed using this UAT approach will successfully fulfil their needs and be prepared for production.